Deliciously delicious, the cherries are packed with health-enhancing nutrients and antioxidants that are unique. Cherries are indigenous in Eastern Europe and Asia Minor regions.
Botanically the fruit is “drupe” (stone fruit) that is part of the larger Rosaceae group of smaller tree fruits belonging to the genus Prunus. The most well-known “drupe” family fruits are plums, peaches, apricots, etc. While a variety of varieties of cherries are available there are two cultivars that are popular: sweet or wild cherries and tart or sour cherries. Sweet cherries are part of those belonging to Prunus Avium The tart cherries belong to the species of Prunus cerasus..
Cherries are drupe-like fruits that have the central “stony-hard” seed surrounded by juicy edible pulp. They are available in tiny sizes, measuring around 2 centimeters in diameter. Externally , they are covered with vibrant “shiny” red or purple thin peel.
It is the West Indian cherry, known as Acerola ( Malpighia emarginata) is indigenous to West Indian islands and grown in Mexico and Texas regions of North America. Acerola is part of the tropical fruit-bearing plants belonging to the family Malpighiaceae and has a small amount of seeds. Acerola has extremely high levels of vitamin C and vitamin-A , which is higher than North American and European cherries.
Read More: Cannabis In India
The health Benefits of Cherry fruit
- Cherry fruit nutrition had a low calorific value and minimal fats. But, they are rich in phytonutrients and vitamins as well as minerals. Sweet, and tart cherries are loaded with health-enhancing substances that are vital to health.
- Cherries are a rich source of pigment in fruits. They are, in actual are polyphenolic flavonoid substances called glycosides of anthocyanin. Anthocyanins are red blue, purple, or red pigments found in numerous vegetables and fruits, and are particularly present in the skin of their respective fruits and are known for their strong antioxidant properties.
- Research has shown that anthocyanins found in cherries can be anti-inflammatory agents by blocking the activities of the enzymes cyclooxygenase-1 & 2. Therefore, consuming cherries could have health benefits against chronic pain instances such as gout arthritis fibromyalgia (a painful muscle disorder) and sports-related injuries.
- Studies have also suggested that antioxidant compounds found in tart cherries may aid the body in fighting against aging, cancers, neurological disorders, and diabetes-related conditions.
- Cherries contain Melatonin, an antioxidant. Melatonin crosses the blood-brain barrier with ease and exerts relaxing effects on brain’s neurons, which helps to calm the nervous system’s irritability. This, in turn, can aid in relieving insomnia, neurosis as well as headaches.
- Additionally, they are minor sources of minerals such as iron, zinc manganese, potassium and iron. A surprisingly high supply for copper. Potassium is an electrolyte that has many benefits that plays a vital role in the formation of body and cell fluids which regulate heart rate and blood pressure.
- They, particularly the tart cherry, are abundant in health-promoting flavonoid polyphenolic antioxidants like Zeaxanthin, lutein, and b-carotene. These substances act as neutralizers of damaging free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) which contribute to the aging process, cancers, as well as different diseases.
- The anti-inflammatory capacity of cherries has been shown to be to be effective in reducing risk of heart disease elements through the scavenging of free radicals.
- Acerola (also known as West Indian cherry has exceptionally rich levels vitamin C (1677.6 mg/100 grams or 2796 percent of RDA) and vitamin A (767 IU per 100 grams).
Read More: Cannabis Medicine
Storage and selection
The season for cherries runs through the month of May to august in United States. Freshly ripe cherries have a limited shelf time. When shopping, look for cherries with a shining, bright skin and the green stalk that is securely stuck to the top of the fruit.
Store your fresh fruits in the refrigerator. When you are ready for them to be eaten, you can rinse them with water to wash away dirt and bring them to ambient temperature. Then, gently wipe dry using a soft cloth to get rid of water.
Method of preparation and serving
To prepare the cherry, take off the stalk, rinse them in warm water and dry with a gentle cloth. They can be eaten together with skin to reap the best advantages.
- The sweet cherries are utilized in many recipes.
- Sweet cherries can be eaten all alone, without any additions/seasonings.
- A fruit cocktail is made with cherries, peach, pineapple, pear and grape.
- Include fruit salads that contain the peach, pear, apricot, and pineapple.
- Incorporate dried cherries into fruit-cakes muffins, bread, muffins and even cookies.
- Serve them as cakes, dessert fillings as well as Toaster Pastries.
- Tart cherries are mostly used in the making of pie fillings, sauces jams, muffins and cheesecakes. Tart cherry juice is a popular drink with athletes as well as other athletes. Dry tart cherries are delicious drinks to accompany meals and snacks
Read more: Cannabis oil