Anorexia Nervosa, commonly referred to as anorexia is an eating disorder that is characterized by an excessively small body weight, a severe anxiety about gaining weight and misperceptions regarding the body’s weight. Anorexics try to manage their weight and body shape to a degree that is detrimental with their daily activities.
To avoid weight gain or to continue losing weight, people who suffer from anorexia typically limit the amount of food they consume. They can manage their intake of calories through vomiting after eating and taking diuretics or anemas. They may also try to shed weight through exercising more.
How many kinds of anorexia exist?
The two kinds of anorexia:
1. Anorexia Restricted
People suffering from this form of anorexia have strict restrictions on the quantity and kind of food they consume.
They may weigh calories, avoid meals, restrict certain foods (such for example, carbohydrates) and impose certain rules for eating for example, eating only foods that are of specific colors. Individuals who exhibit these traits could exercise excessively.
2. Overeating Anorexia
The people who suffer from this kind of anorexia also face restrictions regarding food intake and may consume huge amounts of food that are out of control. In order to compensate for this, eating, the sufferer vomits and also abuses diuretics and anemas.
These actions are mentally and physically unhealthy and may even cause death.
signs of anorexia
What exactly are signs associated with anorexia?
The signs of anorexia are as follows:
- Weight loss is rapid that lasts for weeks or even months.
- Limiting food intake even when the weight is not too much.
- Being interested in an unusual way in food and nutrition, calories, as well as cooking.
- The fear of losing weight.
- Unusual eating patterns, like eating at night.
- Being overweight, even though you’re not overweight.
- Incapacity to assess your body’s weight.
- Continuously seeking improvement and being extremely self-critical.
- Size or weight has an unintended impact on self-esteem.
- Depression or anxiety, or even irritability.
- Irregular menstruation in women.
- Using laxatives, diuretics, or diet pills.
- Being sick often
- Wearing loose clothes to disguise the weight loss.
- To work out vigorously. (Read more about the benefits of exercising)
- Are you feeling hopeless or depressed.
- Social withdrawal.
- In time, the physical manifestations of anorexia could manifest:
- Troubles that cause cold water to flow.
- Hair and nails.
- Yellowing or dryness in the appearance of skin.
- Joint swelling.
- Tooth loss
- New growth of hair that is thin in the human body.
What is the cause of anorexia?
The causes of anorexia are currently unknown. As with many other disorders it is believed to be due to a mix of psychological, biological and environmental causes.
While it’s not certain which genes are at play however, certain genetic variations could make certain people at chance of becoming anorexic. Certain people could have a genetic predisposition becoming more sensitive, better, and persistence, which could lead to anorexia.
Certain psychological factors can cause anorexia. Certain emotional triggers can trigger. Young women can experience mental symptoms, such as eating a certain type of food and not eating in spite of their hunger. They might have a desire for improvement, leading them to believe that they’re not thin enough. They might be suffering from an anxiety problem and may limit themselves on eating to ease the anxiety.
Modern Western culture is awash with the thinness. Friends may inspire you to lose weight.
Which are the risk factors that can cause anorexia?
Below are some possible risk-factors that can cause anorexia.
- Women Anorexia is more common among women and girls. But, males and boys have a higher chance to suffer from this disorder because of the pressure of social interaction.
- The onset of anorexia in youth is more prevalent in teenagers. But, anybody at any age may suffer from it, though it’s uncommon in those older than 40.
- Genetics: Certain modifications in the genes of people can put them at a higher likelihood of suffering from anorexia.
- Family background – If your sibling, parent or child is anorexic it is possible that you are at a higher risk of developing it.
- Changes – If someone relocates to a new school or home or breaks up with a family member or is diagnosed with a terminal illnesses, these changes may cause emotional stress and can increase the likelihood of suffering from anorexia.
- Work, sports and other artistic pursuits – Dancers, athletes and model are all at greater risk of developing anorexia. Parents and coaches may accidentally increase the risk by implying that their children are not weighing enough.
- Media and Society TV and fashion magazines frequently feature slim actors and models. They may appear to represent success and fame which could put individuals at risk of developing anorexia.
How can anorexia be to be prevented?
There isn’t a method that is proven to stop anorexia from occurring. Doctors of primary care can recognize the signs that indicate anorexia early and work to prevent its development to the fullest extent. For instance, they might inquire regarding your eating habits or satisfaction at regular medical appointments.
If you suspect that your family member or friend is struggling with self-esteem or a serious eating disorder and discontent with your self it is possible to talk with them about these issues. While you can’t prevent or reverse the progression of eating disorders it is possible to discuss healthier behavior and treatment options.
What is the process by which anorexia is identified?
Anorexia can be diagnosed in the following ways:
A physical examination can measure your weight and height, as well as your blood pressure, heart rate and temperature, as well as your nails and skin. Your lungs and heart may be monitored, as well as your abdomen could be assessed.
The laboratory tests can include the complete blood count as well as additional blood tests that are specialized to test your kidney, liver, and thyroid function. They can also include the testing of proteins and electrolytes. The urine of your child could be examined.
When you undergo a psychological assessment an expert psychologist or a psychiatrist will inquire about your thoughts, feelings or eating routines. There may be a requirement to answer a series that includes psychological inquiries.
X-rays are utilized to determine the bone density of your body, look for stress fractures, to detect chest problems or pneumonia. An electrocardiogram can be taken to check for any irregularities within the heart. The body can also be examined to assess the energy usage of your body and this can assist in making plans for your nutrition requirements.
treatment for anorexia
How can anorexia be treated?
Anorexia can be treated using the following methods :
Counseling can include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that is focused on changing the way people think and behave. CBT is a way to help patients modify their thinking about body weight and food and discover effective ways of coping with difficult or stressful situations.
Nutrition counseling can help patients get a better understanding of the importance of healthy eating. They are taught about the importance of a balanced and balanced diet in keeping their health in check.
There is no particular medication for anorexia. However there are nutritional supplements you could require and your physician may prescribe medications to manage anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression.
Hospitalization could be necessary if the patient is seriously underweight or malnutrition, food insecurity or mental health issues. The intake of food will be gradually increased in order in order to gain weight safely.
The risks and complications of anorexia
What is the ramifications of anorexia?
The complications of anorexia may be affecting all body systems and can be very severe.
The physical issues it faces are as follows:
- Heart issues Anorexia can cause the heart to beat slower, lower BP (low blood pressure) and even injury to heart muscles.
- Anorexia and blood problems can cause leukopenia or anemia.
- Gastrointestinal issues Intestinal movements slow to a significant extent when an individual is overweight and consumes little food, but improves with a change on diet.
- Kidney problems – dehydration can cause excessive urination as well as excessive output of urine. Weight loss can will result in recovery of the kidneys too.
- Hormonal disorders Low amounts of the hormone growth may result in a slower growth rate in adolescents. Normal development starts by eating a balanced diet.
- Bone fractures – Patients who have bones that aren’t fully developed are at a significantly more risk of developing osteopenia or osteoporosis.
Around 1 out of 10 cases can be fatal. Alongside the physical consequences of poor diet and an increased risk of suicide. One out of five deaths due to anorexia results from suicide.
Early detection and treatment of anorexia could decrease the chance for complications.